Martin Mose Bentzen, MA, PhD


  We will present work from the HERA project at IROS 2017, September 24–28, Vancouver, Canada (authors: F. Lindner, M.M. Bentzen., B. Nebel. Presenter: F. Lindner).

  I will talk about learning with robots at the workshop on Digital Learning, High Tech Summit, DTU, September 21, 2017

  I will give a talk about historical and comtemporary aspects of social and ethical robots at the annual meeting of the Danish Society for the History of Technology, September 15, 2017.

  I will give a talk about AI and Ethics , at IDA, Afdeling Randers, October 31, 2017.

  I will teach a course about AI and Robots (with Thomas Bolander, DTU Compute and Ole Ravn, DTU Elektro) at "Folkeuniversitet, København", October 10, 2017.

  I have been invited to speak at and participate in the workshop on Verification and Validation of Autonomous Systems: Ethical, Social and Trustworthy behaviour, Cumberland Lodge, England, November 23-24, 2017.

  I have been invited to speak at the session on Formalising Robot Ethics at ISAIM 2018 , Florida, USA, January 3-5, 2018.

  I will give a talk about ethical dilemmas for social robots, Ungdommens Naturvidenskabelige Forening (UNF), DTU, April 18, 2018.

 Brief biography

  Martin Mose Bentzen is an associate professor at the Technical University of Denmark where he teaches philosophy of science and ethics in engineering.
  He has a background in philosophy and wrote his PhD dissertation about deontic logic.
  Bentzen currently researches philosophical aspects of social robotics, in particular the possibility of devising logical systems for ethical robots, see
  If you are interested in more details, here is a CV.

  Current research

  Social robots will need to behave in accordance with human values and norms, and in some cases they will have to function ethically. Therefore, there is currently a possibility for ethicists and roboticists
  to collaborate on the project of devising a robot ethics.
  My contribution to this project consists in making logical systems for ethical and deontic reasoning.   These formal systems will help clarify the foundations of robot ethics and can be implemented in robots.
  In my MA thesis (2004), I examined the history of deontic logic and the logic of imperatives and in my PhD thesis (2010) I concentrated on multi-agent deontic systems.
  Recently, I have suggested a deontic logic which is more aligned with actual human reasoning than many other deontic logics, I have examined the limits of logic-based inherent safety of social robots,
  and I have formalized the ethical principle of double effect and applied it to ethical dilemmas of rescue robots, see
  My main research into machine ethics/robot ethics (with my collaborator Felix Lindner) is being documented on the web page of "The HERA project" (HERA: Hybrid Ethical Reasoning Agent)
  I also do some research in other areas , e.g. scientific modeling, causality, and philosophical aspects of biological robots.
  I am interested in communicating research outside of the scientific community. Therefore I contribute to newspapers and magazines, see here,
  and occasionally appear in the media, see here.


  Peer reviewed papers in journals and books

  "The HERA Approach To Morally Competent Robots" (with F. Lindner and B. Nebel), accepted for the proceedings of IROS 2017.

  "Discussions About Lying With An Ethical Reasoning Robot", (with F. Lindner and L. Wächter), accepted for the proceedings of RO-MAN 2017.

  "Perceived Difficulty of Moral Dilemmas Depends on Their Causal Structure: Preliminary Results and a Formal Model", (with Barbara Kuhnert, Felix Lindner and Marco Ragni), accepted for the proceedings of Annual Meeting of the Cognitive Science Society (COGSCI2017), 2017.

  "Black Boxes on Wheels - Research Challenges and Ethical Problems in MEA-based Robotics", Ethics and Information Technology, 19(1): 19-28, 2017. view (journal article).

  "The Limits of Logic-Based Inherent Safety of Social Robots", Philosophy and Engineering : Exploring Boundaries, Expanding Connections, Editors: Diane P. Michelfelder, Byron Newberry, Qin Zhu, Springer, 2017 (book chapter).

  "The principle of double effect applied to ethical dilemmas of social robots", Robophilosophy 2016/TRANSOR 2016, IOS Press, 2016 (article in conference proceedings).

  "Action Type Deontic Logic", Journal of Logic, Language and Information, 23(4): 397-414, 2014 (journal article).

  "Brains on Wheels: Theoretical and Ethical Issues in Bio-Robotics", in Sociable Robots and the Future of Social Relations, Frontiers in Artificial Intelligence and Applications Volume: 273, Editors: Johanna Seibt,

  Raul Hakli, Marco Nørskov: 245 - 251, IOS Press, 2014 (article in conference proceedings).

  "Deontic Reasoning with Incomplete Trust", Logique et Analyse,Vol. 54, Nr. 215, 2011 (journal article)

  "Ross' Paradoks" in Alf Ross - Kritiske gensyn, DJØF Forlag, 2006 (book chapter).

  Miscellaneous scientific publications

  "Logic without unique readability - a study of semantic and syntactic ambiguity", Bulletin of Symbolic Logic (abstract, accepted).

  "The Ineliminable Distortion of Reality: On Causality, Representation, Abstraction and Idealization in Batterman’s Philosophy of Science”, Nordic Network on Philosophy of Science meeting, Copenhagen, 20-21 April 2017 (extended abstract).

  "The Hybrid Ethical Reasoning Agent IMMANUEL" (with Felix Lindner, Freiburg), 2017 Conference on Human-Robot Interaction (HRI2017), 2017 (extended abstract and poster).

  "CADILLAC Workshop, 23-25 May", The Reasoner, Volume 10, issue 11, pp. 94-95, 2016 (report from the workshop).

  "User Innovators in the Smart Energy Transition" (with Sophie Nyborg, Kristian Borch, and Ghita Dragsdahl Lauritzen), XXVII ISPIM Innovation Conference, 2016 (abstract).

  "The double effect principle applied to ethical dilemmas of social robots", Dao, Logic and Epistemology, Jin Yuelin Conference, 2015 (extended abstract).

  “Interventions at the core of scientific reasoning – on de-idealizing and re-idealizing formal logic”, European Philosophy of Science Association Conference 2015 (extended abstract).

  “The limits of logic based inherent safety of social robots”, Forum on Philosophy, Engineering and Technology 2014 (extended abstract).

  "Beslutningsdygtig teknologi - om autonome sociale robotter og moralsk ansvar", Filosofi, issue 2, pp. 8-16, 2014 (journal article).

  Review of "Handbook of Modal Logic", Studia Logica,vol 96(1), Oct. 2010 (book review).

  "Stit, Iit, and Deontic Logic for Action Types", 2010 (Phd dissertation), abstract.

  “Deontic reasoning and moral responsibility with incomplete trust”. PhDs in Logic, 2009 (extended abstract).

  "Åbn døren for den automatiske dommer”, and ”Retspolitisk Udfordring” in Gode råd og løftede pegefingre til jurastuderende, Århus Universitetsforlag, 2008 (book chapter)

  "Is the Answer to this Question No?", in The Reasoner, September 2007 (web publication)

  “ Deontic Logics and Imperative Logics - A Historical Overview of Normative Logics from Ernst Mally to Defeasible Deontic Logic and a New System”, 2004 (MA Thesis).

  Popular publications

  "Kun én mand forstår verdens sværeste bevis", Illustreret Videnskab, pages: 38-41,August 25, 2016.

  "Vi lægger livet i robotters hænder: Tør vi?", Illustreret Videnskab, pages: 20-25, May 12, 2016.

  "Vis hensyn til vores robotvenner" , kronik, Børsen, December 30, 2015.

  "Sociale robotter skal kunne handle etisk", kommentar, DTU Avisen, nr. 9, november, 2015.

  "Algoritmer i laboratoriet", artikel, Weekendavisen, October 16, 2015.

  "Høflig Umenneskelighed", artikel, Weekendavisen, May 13, 2015.

  "Etiske robotter vil gøre verden til et bedre sted", kronik, Ingeniøren, April 21, 2015.

  "The Imitation Game: Alan Turings enigmatiske imitationsspil", artikel,, January 12, 2015.

  "Vi har ret til at stille spørgsmål", læserbrev, Information, 2 September, 2014.

  "Bilens dilemma", artikel, Weekendavisen, September 19, 2014.

  "Rottehjerne på hjul", artikel, Weekendavisen, April 11, 2014.

  "Ingeniører er dybest set skabsetikere", kronik, Ingeniøren, March 6, 2014.

  "Vi har selv designet naturens love", artikel,, January 13, 2014.

  "Yes, Master", kronik, Weekendavisen, May 24, 2013.

  "Hospitalsrobotter", læserbrev, Weekendavisen, April 5, 2013.

  "Dræberrobotter: Utopien om krig uden døde kan ende i moralsk tomrum", Kristeligt Dagblad, March 14, 2013.

  "Når robotterne kommer, vil de så opføre sig ordentligt?", kronik, Ingeniøren, 22 February, 2013.

  "Ny regering med den gamles politik?", Forskerforum ; (249),November 2011.

  "Sahl misforstår videnskab", debatindlæg, Information, 25 January 2011.

  "Døde sild! Røde, døde lejesild!- Anmeldelse af DR's Jagten på de røde lejesvende”, Det Ny Clarté #15, 2010.

  Anmeldelse af Göran Therborn "From Marxism to Post-Marxism?", Det Ny Clarté #14, 2010.

  "Lidet Tiltalende Bukkesang", læserbrev, Information, 4 May, 2010.

  "Homo Academicus: En truet art?", kronik, Magisterbladet, 26 March, 2010.

  "Demokratiet: I skyggen af et tabt årti", kommentar, Information, 15 February, 2010.

  "Clausens Virkelighed", kommentar, Information, 23 October, 2008.

  "Forståeligt men tragisk, Krarup", læserbrev, Information, 30 December 2005.

  "Næste skridt, hvide busser?", læserbrev, Information, 20 December 2005.

  "Klassekamp i Paris?", læserbrev, Information, 23 November 2005.

  "Hjemmefødsel i meteorregn", kommentar, Information, 29 November 2004.

  "Politisk korrekthed og politisk håb", læserbrev, Information, 8 July 2004.

  "Genmanipuleret mad", læserbrev, Information, 5 July 2003.


  May 2010: PhD, Philosophy.

  2006-2009: PhD student, Philosophy and theory of Science, Roskilde University and Institute for Logic, Language and Computation, University of Amsterdam.

  2005: PhD student, Institute for Logic, Language and Computation, University of Amsterdam.

  2004: MA, the History of Ideas and English, Aarhus University.

  2002: BA, the History of Ideas.


  February 2017 - present: Associate Professor in the area Theory of Science in Engineering, DTU Management Engineering, Technical University of Denmark.

  January 2016 - present: Freelance writer for "Illustreret Videnskab" (popular science magazine).

  October 2013 - January 2017: Assistant Professor in the area Theory of Science in Engineering, DTU Management Engineering, Technical University of Denmark.

  August 2009 - February 2014: External Lecturer (Danish: “Ekstern lektor”), CUID, Roskilde University.

  October 2009 - September 2013: Teacher (Danish: “Gymnasielærer m. pædagogikum, 2011”), Philosophy and English, Sorø Akademi.

  2010: Teaching assistant (Danish ”Undervisningsassistent”), SUND, University of Copenhagen.


  In the media

  Interviewed about Asimov's laws and robot empowerment in AK27, Radio24syv, August 30, 2017.

  Interviewed about German ethical principles for autonomous cars, DR 2 Dagen (Danish National Television) August 29, 2017.

  "Ny teknologi rejser etiske dilemmaer: Robotter skal have moralsk kompas" Nordea Invest, May 30, 2017.

  "Slip rattet og fjern foden", BT, May 17, 2017 (Interviewed by Danish newspaper).

  "Etiske robotter og biler", Harddisken, DR P1, February 24, 2017 (Interviewed by Danish National Radio).

  "Hmm. Hvem skal dø: en topchef, en hjemløs eller et barn? Nu skal robotter træffe etiske dilemmaer",, February 20, 2017 (Interviewed by Danish web based magazine).

  "Robotter har brug for etik - men hvilken?", Ingeniøren, January 27, 2017(Interviewed by Danish magazine for engineers).

  "Kunstig intelligens skal tæmmes", Ugebrevet Mandag Morgen, January 23, 2017 (Interviewed by Danish Newsletter).

  "Robotterne skal opdrages ordentligt", Når teknologien tager over, giver det plads til mennesket, særnummer om robotter og kunstig intelligens, Ugebrevet Mandag Morgen, November 7, 2016(Interviewed by Danish newsletter).

  "Ville du købe en bil, der var programmeret til at slå føreren ihjel?" Berlingske Business, October 30, 2016 (Reprint of article from IDA Universe).

  "Selvkørende biler og etik: Ville du købe en bil, der var programmeret til at slå føreren ihjel?" IDA Universe, October 24, 2016 (Interviewed for newsletter and blog hosted by the Danish Engineering union, IDA).

  "Snart kommer de selvkørende biler", Danmarks Radio, 21 Søndag, August 21, 2016 (Interviewed by Danish national television).

  "Hvor meget ansvar er vi klar til at give den selvkørende bil?", Information, April 25, 2016 (Interviewed by Danish Newspaper).

  "Hvad gør vi, når maskiner har højere moral end mennesker?", Interview by Føljeton, (Danish web based newspaper), February 18, 2016.

  Du lægger ud som Luke Skywalker – hvordan undgår du at ende som Darth Vader?", Ingeniøren, January 1, 2016 (interviewed by Danish weekly magazine for engineers).

  Appeared as expert on social robots on Danish National Radio in the program Netværket, (DR P1), September 3, 2015.

  "Nyt robothotel udfordrer vores menneskelighed", Kristeligt Dagblad, May 27, 2015 (interviewed by Danish newspaper).

  Debated ethical robots on Radio24syv in the program AK 24syv, September 17, 2014.

  Interviewed about ethics and robots on Danish national radio in the program Gandhi (DR P3), June 4, 2014.

  "Er det etisk forsvarligt at lave robotter,der er ligesom mennesker?" Kristeligt Dagblad, February 14, 2014 (interviewed by Danish newspaper).

  Some talks

  Presentation at RO-MAN 2017 , August 28-September 1, Lisbon, Portugal (authors: Felix Lindner, Laura Wächter, Martin Mose Bentzen. Presenter: F. Lindner).

  "Autonomous Vehicles - Ethical Issues", Transport Summer Summit DTU 2017, May 31, 2017.

  "The Ineliminable Distortion of Reality: On Causality, Representation, Abstraction and Idealization in Batterman’s Philosophy of Science”, Nordic Network for Philosophy of Science meeting, Copenhagen University, April 21, 2017.

  Felix Lindner presented joint work on ethical robots at the Human-Robot Interaction conference HRI 2017, Vienna, March 6-9, 2017.

  "Towards Hybrid Ethical Reasoning Agents" (joint work with Felix Lindner), Dansk Filosofisk Selskabs Årsmøde, Aarhus University (Copenhagen campus), March 4, 2017.

 "How to build ethical AI", DTU Compute, Technical University of Denmark, February 16, 2017.

  Participated in panel discussion about ethical robots at "Velfærdens Innovationsdag", Øksnehallen, Copenhagen, January 26, 2017.

  "The principle of double effect applied to ethical dilemmas of social robots" at Robophilosophy 2016/TRANSOR 2016, Aarhus University, October 20, 2016.

  "Towards a theory of causal agency for formal ethics", CADILLAC workshop, Christiania, Copenhagen, May 23, 2016.

  "Etiske dilemmaer med selvkørende biler", Hvordan baner vi vejen for selvkørende biler?, Event at Forskningens døgn, Copenhagen, April 25, 2016.

  "Sociale robotter", lecture, Policyforum, University of Copenhagen, March 17, 2016.

  "Constructing and Evaluating Models in Physics and in the Engineering Sciences",(with Stig Andur Pedersen), DFS annual meeting, University of Copenhagen, March 4, 2016.

  "The double effect principle applied to ethical dilemmas of social robots", Dao, Logic and Epistemology, Tsinghua University, China, October 19, 2015.

  "Resituating research objects and model objects within the philosophy of science", Symposion on the retirement of Prof. Stig Andur Pedersen: Scientist, Philosopher and Very Human, Roskilde University, October 2, 2015.

  “Interventions at the core of scientific reasoning – on de-idealizing and re-idealizing formal logic”, European Philosophy of Science Association Conference (EPSA15), Heinrich Heine University Düsseldorf, Germany, September 23, 2015.

  "How to make an ethical robot - the double effect principle applied to robot dilemmas", Dansk Filosofisk Selskabs Årsmøde 2015, Aarhus University, March 6, 2015.

  "Further steps towards ethical robots: the double effect principle formalized and applied to ethical dilemmas", TRANSOR Workshop I: Methodological Problems of Social Robotics,
  Aarhus University, January 28 -January 30, 2015.

  "Black Boxes on wheels: methodological and ethical problems in biological AI", 2nd Annual Meeting of the Danish Network in Philosophy of Science, Hotel Nyborg Strand, January 23 - January 24, 2015.

  "The principle of double effect applied to thought experiments in ethics – a formal approach", Workshop on Formalised Social Intelligence, Technical University of Denmark, December 18, 2014.

  "Starting project HERA - Hybrid Ethical Reasoning Agents", Friends by Design Network Workshop, University of Southern Denmark, October 1, 2014.

  "Brains on Wheels - theoretical and ethical issues in bio-robotics", Robo-Philosophy 2014 — Sociable Robots and the Future of Social Relations, University of Aarhus, August 20, 2014.

  "The Limits of Logic-Based Inherent Safety of Social Robots", Forum on Philosophy, Engineering and Technology, Virginia Tech, USA, May 28, 2014.

  "Deontic reasoning and deontic logic", Modality and Modalities 2014, Lund University, Sweden, May 23, 2014.

  "Logic and Social Robots", The 2014 Nordic Network for Philosophy of Science (NNPS) Meeting, Lund University, Sweden, March 28, 2014.

  " Limits of Logic-Based Inherent Safety for Social Robots", Active Friends and Friendly Actions, Friends by Design network, University of Hamburg, February 25, 2014.

  "Action Type Deontic Logic for Ethical Robots, Making Friends Workshop - Ontological and Ethical Aspects of Personal Robots, University of Aarhus, June 18, 2013.

  "Action Type Deontic Logic for Ethical Robots", Modality and Modalities, Roskilde University, May 24, 2013.

  "Deontic logic for robot ethics: foundations and applications, Dansk Filosofisk Selskabs Årsmøde, University of Southern Denmark, March 8, 2013.

  "The Ontology of Actions", Research Colloquium in Theoretical Analytical Philosophy, University of Aarhus, November 30, 2012.

  "Robot Ethics and Deontic Logic", Workshop on Conditions for normative agency, University of Aarhus, August 23, 2012.

  "Action Type Deontic Logic", Modality and Modalities, University of Copenhagen, May 30, 2012.

  "Modeling the Responsibility of Legal or Moral Agents", Seminar on logics for multi agent systems, Danish Technical University (DTU), April 12, 2010.

  "Mind Altering Devices and Assassins with Trembling Hands", Dansk Filosofisk Selskabs Årsmøde 2009, University of Århus, February 28, 2009.

  "Deontic Reasoning and Moral Responsibility with Incomplete Trust", PhDs in Logic, University of Ghent, Belgium, February 19, 2009.

  "Stit Theory, Responsibility, and Uncertainty", ISIS, Utrecht University, December 3, 2008.

  "Judging Free Agents - Towards a Formal Theory of Responsibility", Logic Tea, ILLC, University of Amsterdam October 27, 2008.

  "Dynamic Deontic Logic, Part 1+2", Logic Seminars, University of Roskilde, October 22 and November 26, 2008.

  "Responsibility Formalized", Second Workshop in Decisions, Games & Logic, ILLC, University of Amsterdam, July 2, 2008.

  Poster presentation, The Dynamics of Preferences and Intentions, ILLC, February 28, 2008

  "Applying for Residence Permit in Denmark – A Logical Analysis of Legal Texts and Legal Practice", RUC-ILLC workshop on Deontic Logic, November 8, 2007

  "Single Moment Stit Theory", RUC-ILLC Workshop on Formalizing Actions, University of Roskilde, June 22, 2007.

  "Den automatiske dommer", Retskritisk Forum, University of Aarhus, April 27, 2007.

  "Forpligtelser over tid givet viden", DFS årsmøde, University of Roskilde, March 2, 2007.

  Other Activities

  Consultant for the company Makropol on the Virtual Reality movie, "In a Blink of AI", 2017.

  Reviewer, Synthese.

  Consultant ("expert") for the web edition of the Great Danish Encyclopedia in the field "logic".

  Autonomous Vehicles Polls

  Link to Autonomous Vehicles Polls.


  The C.A.D.I.L.L.A.C. Workshop , May 23-25, 2016 (with Thomas Bolander and Nina Gierasimczuk) .
  Session on the philosophy of technology at the DFS annual meeting meeting, University of Copenhagen, March 4-5, 2016 (with Søren Riis and Stig Andur Pedersen).
  RUC-ILLC Workshop on Formalizing Actions, June 22, 2007

  RUC-ILLC Workshop on Deontic Logic, November 8-9, 2007


  The HERA project


  The Scandinavian Logic Society


  The Danish Logic Group

  Logic and Rational Interaction